[американский вариант английского языка]; смотри значение offence
or offence noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin offensa, from feminine of offensus, past participle of offendere 1. a. obsolete an act of stumbling b. archaic a cause or occasion of sin; stumbling block 2. something that outrages the moral or physical senses 3. a. the act of attacking; assault b. the means or method of attacking or of attempting to score c. the offensive team or members of a team playing offensive positions d. scoring ability 4. a. the act of displeasing or affronting b. the state of being insulted or morally outraged Example: takes offense at the slightest criticism 5. a. a breach of a moral or social code; sin, misdeed b. an infraction of law; especially misdemeanor • offenseless adjective Synonyms: offense, resentment, umbrage, pique, dudgeon, huff mean an emotional response to or an emotional state resulting from a slight or indignity. offense implies hurt displeasure Example: takes deep offense at racial slurs. resentment suggests lasting indignation or ill will Example: harbored a lifelong resentment of his brother. umbrage may suggest hurt pride, resentment, or suspicion of another's motives Example: took umbrage at the offer of advice. pique applies to a transient feeling of wounded vanity Example: in a pique I foolishly declined the invitation. dudgeon suggests an angry fit of indignation Example: stormed out of the meeting in high dudgeon. huff implies a peevish short-lived spell of anger usually at a petty cause Example: in a huff he slammed the door. Synonyms: offense, sin, vice, crime, scandal mean a transgression of law. offense applies to the infraction of any law, rule, or code Example: at that school no offense went unpunished. sin implies an offense against moral or religious law Example: the sin of blasphemy. vice applies to a habit or practice that degrades or corrupts Example: regarded gambling as a vice. crime implies a serious offense punishable by the law of the state Example: the crime of murder. scandal applies to an offense that outrages the public conscience Example: a career ruined by a sex scandal.