прилагательное сделанный или выбранный наугад; случайный, произвольный Например: random bullet — шальная пуля random wall — стена, выложенная неправильными рядами random number [информатика и компьютерные технологии] — случайное число random shot — выстрел наудачу Синоним(ы): casual, desultory, haphazard Антоним(ы): formal, invariable, orderly
= RAND, = RND произвольный, случайный, выбранный наугад Антоним(ы): chaotic
имя прилагательное общая лексика случайный; произвольный (выбираемый наугад или происходящий в результате случайности) Например: random choice — случайный выбор Синоним(ы): irregular
1) беспорядочный, неупорядоченный, случайный 2) нерегулярный, произвольный 3) стохастический; хаотичный Например: events occur at random — явления носят случайный характер
I. noun Etymology: Middle English, succession, surge, from Anglo-French randun, from Old French randir to run, of Germanic origin; akin to Old High German rinnan to run — more at run a haphazard course II. adjective 1. a. lacking a definite plan, purpose, or pattern b. made, done, or chosen at random Example: read random passages from the book 2. a. relating to, having, or being elements or events with definite probability of occurrence Example: random processes b. being or relating to a set or to an element of a set each of whose elements has equal probability of occurrence Example: a random sample; also characterized by procedures designed to obtain such sets or elements Example: random sampling • randomly adverb • randomness noun Synonyms: random, haphazard, casual mean determined by accident rather than design. random stresses lack of definite aim, fixed goal, or regular procedure Example: a random selection of books. haphazard applies to what is done without regard for regularity or fitness or ultimate consequence Example: a haphazard collection of rocks. casual suggests working or acting without deliberation, intention, or purpose Example: a casual collector. III. adverb in a random manner
1. Unpredictable (closest to mathematical definition); weird. "The system's been behaving pretty randomly." 2. Assorted; undistinguished. "Who was at the conference?" "Just a bunch of random business types." 3. (pejorative) Frivolous; unproductive; undirected. "He's just a random loser." 4. Incoherent or inelegant; poorly chosen; not well organised. "The program has a random set of misfeatures." "That's a random name for that function." "Well, all the names were chosen pretty randomly." 5. In no particular order, though deterministic. "The I/O channels are in a pool, and when a file is opened one is chosen randomly." 6. Arbitrary. "It generates a random name for the scratch file." 7. Gratuitously wrong, i.e. poorly done and for no good apparent reason. For example, a program that handles file name defaulting in a particularly useless way, or an assembler routine that could easily have been coded using only three registers, but redundantly uses seven for values with non-overlapping lifetimes, so that no one else can invoke it without first saving four extra registers. What randomness! 8. A random hacker; used particularly of high-school students who soak up computer time and generally get in the way. 9. Anyone who is not a hacker (or, sometimes, anyone not known to the hacker speaking). "I went to the talk, but the audience was full of randoms asking bogus questions". 10. (occasional MIT usage) One who lives at Random Hall. See also J. Random, some random X.