Abate

глагол 1) уменьшать, ослаблять, умерять; облегчать Например: abate the pain — притуплять боль abate pride — умерить гордыню Синоним(ы): decrease, diminish, lessen, moderate, relieve 2) снижать, сбавлять; делать скидку Например: abate a tax — снижать налог Синоним(ы): bring down, deduct, depress 3) исключать, не включать Синоним(ы): omit, bar, except 4) уменьшаться, ослабевать, успокаиваться, утихать (о ветре, эпидемии) Например: Towards morning the wind abated a little. — К утру ветер несколько ослаб. Синоним(ы): decrease 5) стёсывать (камень; при вытёсывании барельефа или горельефа) Синоним(ы): blunt 6) аннулировать, отменять, прекращать Например: to abate a writ — аннулировать исковое заявление Синоним(ы): nullify

Большой англо-русский словарь

Abate

verb (abated; abating) Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French abatre to strike down — more at rebate transitive verb 1. a. to put an end to
Example: abate a nuisance b. nullify 1
Example: abate a writ 2. a. to reduce in degree or intensity ; moderate
Example: may abate their rancor to win peace b. to reduce in value or amount ; make less especially by way of relief
Example: abate a tax 3. deduct, omit
Example: abate part of the price 4. a. to beat down or cut away so as to leave a figure in relief b. obsolete blunt 5. deprive 2 intransitive verb 1. to decrease in force or intensity 2. a. to become defeated or become null or void b. to decrease in amount or value • abater noun Synonyms: abate, subside, wane, ebb mean to die down in force or intensity. abate stresses the idea of progressive diminishing
Example: the storm abated. subside implies the ceasing of turbulence or agitation
Example: the protests subsided after a few days. wane suggests the fading or weakening of something good or impressive
Example: waning enthusiasm. ebb suggests the receding of something (as the tide) that commonly comes and goes
Example: the ebbing of daylight. Synonym: see in addition decrease.

Энциклопедический словарь Мерриама-Вебстера